The statistics are divided into 6 or 7 parts. These are player, villages, alliances, heroes, general, Plus (only available in case you have a plus account) and later Wonder of the World.
Player and alliances each have 4 sub categories. These are overview, offence, defence and Top 10. Overview arranges the category by population. Offence arranges the category by the crop worth of the troops which it has killed offensively. Defence arranges the category by the crop worth of the troops which it has killed defensively. Top 10 shows the top 10 attackers, defenders, robbers and climbers in that category; those in the top 10 will get a medal at Sunday midnight GMT.
Villages shows a list of all the villages on the server ordered by population.
Heroes shows a list of all the heroes on the server ordered by experience.
The Plus statistics are only available when you have a Plus account. This section contains several visual representations of your account evolution about villages, account population and your army.
The general part of the statistics contains data about the activity and attack and casualty ratio of the game world.
Wonder of the World shows a list of all Wonders of the World on the server ordered by size.